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HISTORY OF THE OLYMPIC GAMES
According to the Greek history, the first Olympic Games in the Greek Antiquity can be traced back to the 776 BC. The games were dedicated to the 12 Olympian Gods and were hosted on the ancient green plains of Olympia, the place was famous for its magnificent great temples of the two gods Zeus and his wife Hera. The games initially had a very religious character combined by a number of ancient sport events, which many of those were based on the ancient Greek mythology.
The ancient Olympic Games had an important position in the life of the Ancient Greeks. The Olympiad it was a time of union, with a four-year interval. The participants came from every corner of the Greek world to compete for the ultimate prize, the olive wreath and the return to their city-states as heroes. But the Olympic values apart from the victory, it was themselves which had the special meaning in the Games, the noble competition and effort to combine the body, mind, and will in a balanced whole.
As the Olympic Games developed, so did develop the procedures such as the standard schedule of the events and the Olympic Truce. They Games continued for almost 12 centuries, until the Roman Emperor Theodosius banned them, in 393 AD, acussing them as pagan cults.
The Olympics is a sporting event for many different sports that is every four years. The original Olympic Games were held in the ancient Greek city of Olympia that since the 10th century BC was a religious and political meeting place. The first recorded celebration of the Games at Olympia was in 776 BC. It is almost certain that this was not the first time that the Games were held. Then the Games were only local and had only one race, the race of the stadium.
Although the Olympics were originally held on the fields around the temple of Zeus, with the growth of the Games increased also the buildings of the Stadium. Finally Olympia had a stadium that offered enough space to 40,000 spectators. The Olympic Games which were held every four years, were one of the four Pan-Hellenic Games. The purpose of Olympic Games was for young men to show their physical qualities and to enforce the relationship between the various Greek cities. Only Greek men were allowed to participate in the Olympics but not women.
From 776 BC the Olympic Games, became more important in the ancient Greece reaching the height of their fame in the 5th and 6th century BC. The Olympics also had religious significance since there were dedicated to Zeus, whose huge statue was standing in Olympia. The number of sports was twenty and the celebrations were held for several days. The winners of the games were admired and immortalised through poems and statues. The prize for the winner was a crown of olive branches.
The Games gradually lost their importance when the Romans conquered Greece and when Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire. The Games were regarded more as a pagan celebration, and in 393 AD, the Emperor Theodosius banned them completely. So ended a period of one thousand years during which the Olympics were to be conducted every four years thereafter.
The Olympic games revived by the French Baron Pierre de Coubertin in the late 19 th century. The Games of the Olympiad, also known as Summer Olympics, taking place every four years since 1896 onwards, with the exception of the years during the World Wars. In 1924 began the Winter Olympics, for winter sports. Since 1994, the Winter Games are not held the same year with the Summer Olympics.
Olympic Rings & Flag
Olympic Flame and Torch Relay
In 2005, the IOC awarded the 2012 Games to London. Relive the official announcement by IOC President Jacques Rogge!
he Paralympic Games begin on 29 August 2012 and close on 9 September 2012.
The 2012 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXX Olympiad or "London 2012 Olympic Games", are scheduled to take place in London, England, United Kingdom from 27 July to 12 August 2012. London will become the first city to officially host the modern Olympic Games three times, having previously done so in 1908 and in 1948.
London was selected as the host city on 6 July 2005 during the 117th IOC Session in Singapore, defeating Moscow, New York City, Madrid and Paris after four rounds of voting. The successful bid was headed by former Olympic champion Sebastian Coe.
The Olympics prompted a redevelopment of many of the areas of London in which the games are to be held – particularly themed towards sustainability. While the budgetary considerations have generated some criticism, the Games will make use of many venues which were already in place before the bid, including Wembley Stadium, Wembley Arena, Wimbledon All England Club, Lord's Cricket Ground, The O2 Arena, Earls Court Exhibition Centre, Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy, and the Excel Centre.
How busy will London be during the Olympics?
London & Partners: There are no definitive numbers on the amount of visitors we expect during the Games period in 2012, although there are ‘best estimates’ based on previous Games. An independent report by Oxford Economics estimates the number of visitors to London for the 2012 Games will be approximately 450,000 staying visitors, taking into account displacement. In addition, we estimate that 5.5. million day visitors will also come to the capital over the Games period. The 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games will not only be held in the Olympic Park in Stratford East London; parks, major sports venues, entertainment arenas and exhibition spaces across London will also be used for events so you should expect to encounter the Games everywhere.
How is the city preparing for all these visitors?
London & Partners: London is gearing up to prepare for 2012 – the ‘halo effect’ around the Games can already be felt city-wide. The developments cover a huge range of facilities including improved and new transport links such as the East London line extension, the upgraded DLR (Docklands Light Rail) and new cycle tracks and walkways. Among the largest and most exciting development projects that are or will be taking place in London are King’s Cross, Stratford City, Canary Wharf transport extensions and the creation of the 2012 Olympic Park. Numerous new hotels are opening at the moment, and the new urban park being developed in Stratford, East London, is one of the biggest to be constructed in Europe for more than 150 years.
Will I be able to get tickets for theatre shows, festivals, cultural events and so on?
There’s no doubt that demand for theatre shows, West End musicals, temporary exhibitions and the like will be high during the Olympics so if there’s something you’re set on seeing it’s best to try to arrange this in advance. Most attractions now allow you to book online or over the phone in advance so investigate these options. Otherwise there’ll still be plenty of free museums and galleries you can visit as and when you wish - although you should expect to encounter crowds - and special events like the London 2012 Festival will give you further opportunities to remain occupied.
To find out how you can apply for Olympic Games tickets, please visit the London 2012 Organising Committee (LOCOG) ticketing website.
London Olympic Venues
The 26 sports of the London Olympics will take place in 28 venues.
Where are the Games being held?
Olympic Park Venues
London Olympic Venues
Earls Court is in West London
ExCeL London - is situated near London City Airport in east London's Royal Victoria Dock.Sport: Boxing, Fencing, Judo, Table Tennis, Taekwondo, Weightlifting, Wrestling, Boccia, Paralympic Table Tennis, Paralympic Judo, Paralympic Powerlifting, Volleyball (Sitting), Wheelchair Fencing
Greenwich Park on the south bank of the River Thames in south east London. Sport: Equestrian events - Jumping, Dressage and Eventing, Paralympic Equestrian, Modern Pentathlon About Greenwich Park - Includes the Old Royal Naval College and National Maritime Museum, which, together with Greenwich Park, are part of a World Heritage Site. It is London's oldest Royal Park, dating back to 1433. It has been a World Heritage Site since 1997. Within the park is The Royal Observatory and the home of Greenwich Mean Time at Longitude 0°.
Horse Guards Parade in Whitehall, the political centre of the UK. Sport: Beach Volleyball About Horse Guards Parade - Dates from 1745 and takes its name from the soldiers who have provided protection for the monarch since the restoration of the monarchy in 1660. The parade ground lies at the heart of London's ceremonial life, and hosts the Trooping of the Colour event that takes place on the Queen's official birthday each year.
Hyde Park in London's West End Sport: Triathlon, 10k Open Water Swim About Hyde Park - The largest of London's Royal Parks, Hyde Park has been open to the public since 1637. The park is home to a number of grassroots sports clubs, including the Serpentine Swimming Club, whose members swim in the Serpentine Lake whatever the weather - even on Christmas Day.
Lord’s Cricket Ground
Millennium Dome: The O2 in Greenwich - on the point of the Greenwich peninsula
The Royal Artillery Barracks on Woolwich Common in south east London Sport: Shooting, Paralympic Shooting, Paralympic Archery About the Royal Artillery Barracks - The London port of Woolwich has a long military history and the construction of the current Royal Artillery Barracks buildings began in 1776.
Wembley Stadium in north west London, around six miles from the city centre.
Wimbledon in south west London
Out of London Olympic Games venues
The Broxbourne White Water Canoe Centre in Hertfordshire
Eton Dorney near Windsor
Hadleigh Farmis to the east of London, in Essex.
Hampden Park in Glasgow is Scotland's national stadium.
The Millennium Stadium in Cardiff is Wales' national stadium.
Old Trafford in Manchester is home to Manchester United Football Club.
St James’ Park in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in the north east of England
Villa Park in the West Midlands
Weymouth Bay and Portland Harbour in Dorset on England's south coast.
Olympic sport competition schedule
Please use this schedule to help you plan your Olympic Games experience.
All competition schedules on this website and on the ticketing website are subject to change at any time.
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Indian winter soup
Mahindra XUV500 - a class apart
Designed and developed entirely in-house by Mahindra, at the world class research and development facility, Mahindra Research Valley, Chennai, the XUV500 is Mahindra's first in a series of next-generation global SUVs, with significant inputs in styling and development from customers across the globe.
All research and development activities for this global SUV were aligned with global standards of quality, technology, testing norms, regulations and emissions from the very start.
The new Mahindra XUV500 is unmatched in terms of style, performance, technology, safety and comfort, providing customers a truly complete driving experience
MHawk EngineThe 2.2 litre mHawk140 engine delivers an impressive output of 140bhp and a torque of 330Nm. It sports the 5th generation variable geometry turbocharger, which ensures instantaneous acceleration, taking the XUV500 from 0-60kmph in a mere 5.4 seconds. Just step on the pedal and watch the scenery blur. Despite all this power, the XUV500 gives you an excellent efficiency of 15.1kmpl (ARAI)
6-speed transmission and self-adjusting clutch
The XUV500 hosts the first 6 speed transmission fully developed and tested in India. The 6 speeds enable two overdrives, which help in optimum engine torque and speed resulting better fuel economy and acceleration. The self-adjusting clutch ensures that the pedal effort of a brand new and fully worn out clutch remains the same, giving a pleasurable drive over the life of the clutch.
All Wheel Drive (AWD) with Interactive Torque Management (ITM)
The All-Wheel-Drive system enables better drivability in off-road conditions by distributing power between the front and rear wheels, as and when required. ITM monitors wheel speed, steering position and acceleration pedal position and distributes torque accordingly. If a wheel begins to slip, torque is automatically directed to the wheels with traction. The vehicle transitions seamlessly from 2WD to AWD mode without any driver intervention gives you a level of handling prowess unmatched by conventional vehicles.
This is the essence of the XUV500's uncompromised driving dynamics. The monocoque construction is found only in the most modern SUVs around the world. Here, the XUV500's body and platform are integrated into a single unit. The result is an excellent power-to-weight ratio, dream-like handling and undiluted driving pleasure. The XUV500 is also the country's first indigenously developed monocoque SUV with the first transverse engine offering from Mahindra.
The XUV500's sporty roots are complimented by its sporty suspension setup that delivers excellent ride and handling. The XUV500 has a McPherson strut suspension at the front and an independent multi-link suspension at the rear, which has been tuned in collaboration with Lotus, one of the world's most renowned names in motor sports.
The GALAXY Tab 7.0 Plus boasts an enviably small form factor – it's the size of a paperback book but possesses the computing power of a laptop. The 345g lightweight and compact tablet can be operated with a single hand - ideal when you're on the go.
Android 3.2 Honeycomb Platform
The Honeycomb platform has been refined to offer the ultimate user experience on a wider range of tablet devices. The new compatibility zoom mode optimizes application that are not designed to run on larger screen sizes, so they fit on the entire screen without distortion. Also, media files can be loaded directly from the MicroSD card.
Powered by a mighty 1.2GHz Dual Core Processor, the GALAXY Tab 7.0 Plus allows seamless multitasking, faster webpage loading, smoother UI transitions and ultra-fast power-up.
Some quick tax saving tips
Retirement planning also gets benefits under different sections. Saving for retirement also has tax benefit under Sections 80C and 80CCC. Initially, there was separate limit set under Section 80CCC. However, now there is a combined limit of Rs 1 lakh for Sections 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD.
Over and above these, tax deduction is also available for investments in debt as well as equity-based instruments. Equity-linked saving schemes (ELSS) is a mutual fund product. Investing in ELSS entitles tax benefit under Section 80C. Similarly, investments in debt-based instruments such as National Savings Certificate (NSC), Public Provident Fund (PPF) and certain fixed deposit of banks also attract deductions under Section 80C. Therefore, whether we invest to achieve our long-term goals in equity or near-term goals in debt, we get tax benefits.
During the months of February and March, the maximum number of life insurance policies are sold (for saving taxes). As we approach financial year-end, taxpayers will be bombarded with a variety of tax-saving instruments. Accountants will want us to invest in tax-saving instruments.
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While it is definitely prudent to take advantage of legitimate tax-saving schemes, the focus should always be on our financial goals. Remember that we save money not to save tax, but to ensure that we have sufficient funds for our future responsibilities. Therefore, focus on future responsibilities, tax saving will follow on its own.
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Project CUBE (Customer Understanding for Business Excellence)
For any modern business to succeed it is very important for it to understand the needs of its customers. Normally the practice is to lump all customers for a given product or service together regardless of their individual identity or location. A superficial knowledge of the customer may sometimes pass off as expertise but this knowledge will not be sufficient enough to win over a new customer or retain the existing ones. In an organization that has a pan India presence the needs of the customer will vary from place to place. It is very important for the business to identify these needs and work on them so as to provide the best service possible. There is strong evidence that customer satisfaction is one of the few reliable indicators of a business’ future profitability. Customer satisfaction will mean that the customers are happy with the range of services and products being offered. Customer perception both good and bad should serve as effective stimuli to better performance for the products and services that the business has to offer hence it is very clear that the voice of the customer would be a major driver for continuous improvement in dealings with them.
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (BPCL) over the last few years has initiated and carried through many aggressive and successful programs. As a marketing company, our focus has always been the ‘Customer’. This was the primary purpose of Project CUSECS (Customer Service Customer Satisfaction) which led to re-structuring of the entire organization.
Today, Indian customers are evolving in their buying behavior and looking for propositions that are customized to their requirements. Therefore, going forward, understanding our customers better would be a distinctive competitive capability and a critical enabler of BPCL’s success. As the country embarks on its journey of economic growth and development, the entire population of “Customers” can no longer be treated as one. From a farmer to a college student, a housewife to a top executive in a firm, an auto rickshaw to an airline, a tea stall to a five star hotel – all are our customers in one way or the other.
Customer centricity is now a necessity and has the potential to unleash an enormous amount of energy in the organization. It has, thus, been imbibed as a core Culture Value by BPCL.
As knowing our customer has become the need of the hour, BPCL has undertaken wide ranging Customer Centric initiatives – CUBE (Customer Understanding for Business Excellence) with the following objective:
Project CUBE will build Value, Recognition & Loyalty across Customers, Partners & the Corporation.
While the term “customers” refer to the end consumers, the term “partners” refers to all our Channel Partners viz RO Dealers, LPG Distributors, Lube Distributors (PLDs), Lube Business Associates, I&C Distributors etc.
To enhance our understanding, an internal team, along with a team of consultants, is working on the following deliverables:
CUBE is highly participative and decentralized in nature. During the Conceptual Design Phase, the innovation process will be driven through 6 Innovation Councils (based at Indore, Surat, Bangalore, Lucknow, Jaipur & Patna), each comprising of 5-7 frontline sales team members as well as customers and channel partners.
As of now, intense Customer Immersion activities (e.g. Focused Group Discussions, surveys, interviews) are being conducted to identify improvement initiatives by these teams. Business cases and detailed implementation plans will then be chalked out, primarily aiming at long term sustenance and scalability of these ideas. Selected initiatives will be taken up for Proof of Concept implementation by the local teams.